• To double any number up to double 20
• To count forwards and backwards in multiples of 4
• To know by heart all multiplication facts for 4 up to 4 x 12
• To know by heart all division facts for 4 up to 48
• To count forwards and backwards in multiples of 1000
• To count forwards and backwards in multiples of 25
Things you can do at home to help
At every opportunity practise counting forwards and backwards in multiples of 4. You could ask your child to count or take it in turns – a game we call ‘tennis’. You say 4, they say 8, you say 12, etc.
Ask your child to use skip counting when they count. This is where they use their fingers to represent each group of 4 they count. You can then ask them to stop and ask how many groups they have counted. This is then the multiplication fact. For example, count, 4, 8, 12, 16. Your child should display 4 fingers. You can then encourage your child to say: four groups of 4 is 16. 4 x 4 = 16. You can then talk about the division facts: 16 ÷ 4 = 4, etc. This activity can then lead onto your child knowing their 4 times table and division facts, where you can ask ‘quickfire’ questions. It is important that you always relate multiplication facts to the division facts.
If your child learns how to double numbers this will help them to make connections between different times tables, for example the 2, 4, and 8 times tables.
There are usually one or two multiplication facts in each times table that are more difficult. When you notice that your child is stumbling over the same fact each time, try to give them extra practice. You could even get your child to write the fact out in a fun way on a piece of card and then stick it somewhere prominent (like on the fridge) so that they have an extra reminder!
The danger with too much rote learning of times tables is that children can fail to see the use of times tables in real life. Try to take opportunities to get your child to use multiplication in problem solving, for example working out quantities for scaling up a recipe, or calculating the price of more than one item of shopping.
Make it fun by turning times table practice into a competition or challenge for your child, by timing them and keeping a record of their scores. You could even join in yourself and set a challenge to learn a more difficult times table, such as the 13 times table and get your child to test you at the end of the week in exchange for testing them…
Help your child to relate know facts to help them secure new ones – link your child’s knowledge of counting in 10s and 100s to counting in multiples of 1000.